‘Come mai un originalissimo compositore come Giuseppe Bonamici, vissuto tra il 1936 e il 1978, non gode di considerazione adeguata? Si dovrebbe farne un culto. I suoi Tre Movimenti sono stati interpretati, anzi amati, dalla straordinaria pianista Baldaccini. Che ha una sonorità lucida, mai retorica, e una corporeità forte nel dar luce al puntillismo di Bonamici. Autore consapevole del messaggio weberiano ma proiettato in regioni sonore di discorsività distesa’.
Mario Gamba, il manifesto, dalla recensione del Festival di musica contemporanea di Area Sismica, 4 dicembre 2018

Una scelta coraggiosa, in netta controtendenza, che regala sorprese e svela pagine pianistiche di grande interesse, dove emerge la ricchezza della ricerca di quegli anni decisivi dove la musica si interrogava su nuovi percorsi. La Baldaccini dimostra di trovarsi a proprio agio con repertori alquanto complessi. I diversi ambienti sonori, i fortissimi, i quasi silenzi, vengono affrontati con profondità, in una introspezione che ne rileva sfumature, radicalità e poetiche.
Paolo Carradori, il giornale della musica, 17 aprile 2018

‘Intorno a Firenze nel secondo ‘900’ va salutato come una delle registrazioni più interessanti degli ultimi tempi’
Gregorio Moppi, per La Repubblica, 9 aprile 2018

‘Una lettura pianistica elegante e non soggetta a indirizzi di tendenza, ispirata da un forte senso poetico’
Luca Zaramella, Radio Classica, 15 febbraio 2018

Il suono della Baldaccini si manifesta intenso e comunicativo, sempre frutto di uno scavo interiore, con una sua interna tensione, una sua pulsazione che viene riportata alla superficie e all’ascolto con prospettive nuove e timbricamente interessanti’
Arduino Gottardo, per la rivista Reality, dicembre 2017

An important reassessment of the twentieth century Tuscan composers

by Renzo Cresti

The release of a CD dedicated to the Tuscan music of the second half of the twentieth century is a rare and very precious event, as well as unusual, as the market tends only to be attracted towards repertoire music, and certainly not to the minor niche area of virtually unknown composers, irrespective of their value. It is for this precise reason that this release is to be appreciated, as it fills a musical and cultural gap and satisfies the need to get to know music and composers whose contribution to recent musical history relates not only to Tuscany but to Italy as a whole. And if we consider that this initiative is the work of a young pianist, it becomes even more valuable and implies that not all young people adhere to cultural uniformity, which gives us hope for the future.


In this interpretation, Baldaccini has embraced the sound, and allowed herself to be guided by vibrations of an interior as well as a musical nature. This is a process of exploration which can be achieved only through an act of devotion and respect for the score and all its component elements, to internalise the music and feel free to live within it and discover its most secret truths. The interpretation of the pieces by Bonamici, Giani Luporini and Zangelmi are a haunting demonstration of how long Baldaccini has lived within the world of sounds, before sitting down at the piano and presenting us with these shimmering pieces. The execution of the works of Prosperi is closer to a formal ideal, and justly so, but it has a touch of originality which renders the formal profiles of a pseudo-classical but vibrant piece very lively.

Baldaccini has been involved for some time now in this absolutely innovative project of reconstructing the key works of Tuscan piano music which, as in this CD, includes composers born in the twenties and thirties, starting with Carlo Prosperi (Florence, 1921-1989), who was not only a great composer but also an important teacher of composition at the Conservatory of Florence. In the fluctuating history and geography of the period following the second world war, his music offers an example of coherence and artistic probity, expressed with a personal style of extraordinary, multilayered tonal fantasy.

The Sonatina profana is the first composition in the catalogue of Prosperi, written in 1943, during his study period. The composer only authorised its execution after revising the piece in 1968. The term 'profane' here refers to the teasing note of the piece, in which the irony is directed towards the academic sonata form. The piece consists of three movements, In modo andaluso, Arietta and Gran finale. The first follows the form and spirit of the rondo, and is of Spanish inspiration. The writing is agile, lucid and linear, as in the joyful Arietta. The Gran finale follows a dual theme and is based on a poly-harmonic. The piano technique owes a debt to Prokofiev.
Intervalli was composed exactly 10 years later (1953) and arises from the idea of alternating very short fragments of sound with a silence which is rigorously measured between one fragment and the next. There are nine of these mini-pieces, whose titles explicitly reflect the ways in which they are written: Armonia, Terze, Trillo, Melodia, Ribattuto, Progressioni, Due voci, Tre voci, and Riepilogo. By comparison with the Sonatina profana, the composer's approach here is of a serial, pointillist nature, which however never loses sight of the musical discourse. For all its miniaturisation, it retains its loquaciousness and emotional impact.[1]

Piero Luigi Zangelmi (Turin 1927-Ameglia 2004) also taught at the ‘Cherubini’ Conservatory of Florence, but continued to have links with the culture of Turin, and consequently to the French tradition, symbolism especially. With an almost rhapsodic sense of freedom, he was able to create states of stupor by exploiting melodic cells and moments suspended in time. He perfected a 'blue sound' poetic,[2] which relates to the possibility of sounding out the concealed states of the human psyche, as in Blu 4 (1974) ), which conveys a sense of nocturnal expectation, a spatial time veering towards silence. The piece is constructed on a permutation of sonorous episodes which create a parabolic structure.

Giuseppe Bonamici (Pisa, 1936-1978) graduated under Prosperi in 1975 and, in his compositions of the seventies, abandoned tonality and moved towards a personal, and careful, selection of sounds, taking up the narrative pointillism of his mentor. His Tre movimenti were begun in 1968 and completed 1976. The first is agitated and nervous, the second meditative and the third impetuous. Quando il vento racconta sulla antiche pietre (1976) contains three minor variants, but is of little substantial significance and demonstrates the poetic imagination and visionary nature of this unfortunate composer, who died young but, in his later compositions above all, such as those included in this CD, was capable of expressing an original style inspired by his personal meditations.[3]

Gaetano Giani Luporini (Lucca, 1936) also taught at the Conservatory of Florence, before becoming director of the Conservatory of Lucca, and both of those institutions inspire his style, with the typical construction of Florentine rationalism on the one hand and that elegiac sense which is an essential part of the art of Lucca on the other. In Florence, Giani Luporini studied with Roberto Lupi, from whom he learned the secrets of anthroposophy. His music is strongly influenced by these studies, as is demonstrated by the Nove Mantram (2000, with the final ‘m’ giving an added phonic effect), which Baldaccini has played on several occasions in the composer's presence. The titles of these nine mantras are Domanda, Anelito, Gravitazione celeste, Volere e libertà, Canto angelico, Vita nei cristalli, Memorie egiziane, Respiri intervallari and Verso la luce. The titles themselves (Question, Yearning, Celestial Gravitation, Will and Freedom, Angelic Song, Life in Crystals, Egyptian Memories, Spaced Out Breaths and Towards the Light) are expressions of the spiritualistic universe to which they refer. Baldaccini takes great care to link the physical sounds with that which goes beyond the human realm, in the religious sense (in etymological terms, that which links the world of sense with the beyond-sense). Giani Luporini understands sound not as an interval, in the traditional conception, but as an entity, following the spiritualistic teachings of Lupi. In the words of the composer, "The Mantram are the result of troubled meditations on the evocative tension of certain intervals, an interior study of cosmic and human history, in the light of a renewed awareness of Thought-Feeling-Desire".[4]

If approval is one of the main problems in our (un)civilisation, we have to be grateful to Baldaccini for presenting this music to us, and for executing it passionately, with her mind and her heart.

[1] See Renzo Cresti, Carlo Prosperi, GIMC, Lucca 1993.
[2] Piero Luigi Zangelmi, Il mio suono blu, Miano, Milano 1994: «That lonely sound that allows us to investigate inside yourself. It is not about just a simple sound, sometimes is a chord or a thematic riff. Why the blue? Because it is the color of the dreamlike state.» Baldaccini refers to this ‘blue sound’ poetic in the photos of the CD
[3] See AA. VV., Giuseppe Bonamici, a cura di Sergio Pernigotti, Giardini, Pisa 1987.
[4] In Renzo Cresti, Gaetano Giani Luporini, musica fra utopia e tradizione, LIM Antiqua, Lucca 2005.

The Album genesy

by Ilaria Baldaccini

Luporini invited me to his home for the first time in April 2016. He was a multifaceted artist who had fascinated me from the earliest years of my studies. There was a piano in the corner of the living room and his paintings on the walls. He listened to my version of his Mantram. He listened to it again at the start of May, then on a number of occasions during concerts, and noted the way in which it was evolving. He suggested that I repeat the frames in the score at will, depending on the effects I wanted to achieve. He told me to feel free to live his music, without obsessively following what was written down. He made me understand that when a composer entrusts a piece to a performer the result is very different from what that composer had in his head at the time of its creation, and that it's perfectly normal if the sounds take on a different form, as they're being filtered through a different soul. I respected that freedom that he imposed upon me in the Mantram, and in the music of the other composers whom I selected for this first recording of mine. I tried to follow each written note, pause and dynamic, and to be as faithful as possible to the original. Then I made a second attempt, this time letting myself go. In several cases, I preferred those second versions, which are less perfect but more truthful.


Most of the pieces in this CD contain long vibrations and resonance. The music is born from silence and floats on evocative sounds which the performer is forced to look for through a deep inner exploration, and then to follow them to the point of resolution or until they dissolve. It was this that made me fall in love with this repertoire.

I decided to appear on the cover with a ball of blue wool. Blue is the colour of the inner self, of the depth of being. Blue like the sound of Pier Luigi Zangelmi, with whose works I began my exploration of the music of the second half of the 20th century, a little bit like unrolling a ball of wool. Each composer nudged me on towards the next, in a voyage of discovery of which this disc is only the first testimonial.

This disc is a part of a project, named NOVECENTO 2.0 (20th Century 2.0), whose prime objective is to present composers who haven't received the hearing they deserve on the Italian and international musical stage. I start with composers from my own cultural roots in Tuscany, whose creations I was able to track down during my studies at the Conservatory of Florence. The aim of NOVECENTO 2.0 is to present the 20th century and contemporary repertoire, which has been branded as inaccessible for most people. In this first year of work, thanks to the precious help received from a number of associations and to the unexpected consent of the public, I found the courage I need to carry on with the project, of which this CD is merely a photograph, a moment's impression.